FOOD SAFETY OF GM PLANT PRODUCT
The Codex Alimentarius Commission by FAO and WHO develops food standards, guidelines and related texts such as codes of practice under the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme to protect health of the consumers and ensure fair trade practices in the food trade, and promoting coordination of all food standards work undertaken by international governmental and non-governmental organizations.
Food Safety Network
The Food Safety Network at the University of Guelph provides research, commentary, policy evaluation and public information on food safety issues from farm-to-fork.
Institute of Food Research
IFR, a company limited by guarantee, grant aided by the Biotechnological And Biological Sciences Research Council is involved with collaborative research and training on issues relevant to food safety, diet and health, and food materials.
Ministry of Health and Welfare, Japan (MHW)
This site contains general information on safety of GM foods.
International Scientific Organization:-
· UN Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO) – 1991, 1996, 2000
· UN World Health Organization (WHO) 1991, 1993, 1995
· I nternational Life Science Institute (ILSI) – 1996, 1997
· Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)-1993, 1996, 1997, 2000
· International Food Biotechnology Council (IFBC) – 1996
· Codex Alimentarius Report – 2003
Biosafety Clearing House
The Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH) is an information exchange mechanism established by the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to assist Parties to implement its provisions and to facilitate sharing of information on, and experience with, living modified organisms (LMOs). It is essential for the successful implementation of the Protocol and assists Parties and other stakeholders in different ways in the implementation of the Protocol.
Picasso Productions, a one stop corporate communications company offering services at the International Centre, Nairobi, currently publishes the only Pan African Newspaper called Biosafety News which looks at the Agricultural developments in Africa including the ongoing biotechnology revolution. It also focuses on health and environment issues and is currently regarded as an authority on Biosafety issues in the continent.
Defra (the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) work towards to drive forward the Government's programmes on the environment, food and rural affairs.
With more than 18,000 people across the country, including headquarters offices in Washington, DC, 10 regional offices, and more than a dozen labs, the United States Environment Protection Agency is for protecting human health and the environment. Since 1970, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people.
The FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. The FDA is also responsible for advancing the public health by helping to speed innovations that make medicines and foods more effective, safer, and more affordable; and helping the public get the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to improve their health.
United States Regulatory Agencies Unified Biotechnology
Searchable database with direct links to relevant documents from USDA, EPA, FDA
FDA Centre for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
CFSAN has responsibility for food safety within FDA.
1992 Statement of Policy: Foods Derived from New Plant Varieties
Basic policy on agricultural biotechnology food safety issues. Sets out legal requirements for safety of novel crops under the Federal Food and Drug and Cosmetic Act.
1997 Consultation Procedures
Guidance that suggests how developers can proceed through a consultation with FDA.
2001 Proposed Premarket Notification Rule
Proposal to require mandatory premarket notification for biotech crops. Has not been finalized, but useful for FDA's current scientific thinking on evaluation of safety.
Office of Food Additive Safety
OFAS has responsibility for multiple food additive programs, including regulated food additives, food contact substances, the voluntary GRAS notification program, and the biotechnology consultation program.
OFAS Biotechnology Consultation
A list of all completed consultations. Includes information on crop, trait, developer, as well as text of FDA's response letter to developer and the internal scientific `note to file'.
Codex Task Force on Food Derived from Biotechnology
International Plant Protection (IPP)
Food Safety Information Office (FSRIO)
International of Food Information Council Foundation
Institute of Food Science & Technology
Food Safety Index from the USDA/FDA Food borne Illness Education
International Food Information Council/FDA. Food Risks: Perception vs Reality
Risk Assessment and Policy Association, publishes the journal Risk: Health, Safety and Environment
Risk Communication Network
USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
Parameter Values for a Risk Assessment of a Salmonella enteritidisin Shell Eggs and Egg Products
Food Safety Research Information Office
Centres for Disease Control and Prevention
Food and Drug Administration
The Food and Nutrition Information Centre
International Food Safety Council
International Plant Protection Convention
Food Safety Everything - Oregon Department of Agriculture
(for information on aspects of biosafety, this page has related links to biosafety)
The Federal Government of the United States of America has a coordinated, risk-based system to ensure new biotechnology products are safe for the environment and human and animal health. Established as a formal policy in 1986. The U.S. Government has written new regulations, policies and guidance to implement these laws for biotechnology as products developed. This framework has allowed the United States to build upon agency experience with organisms and products developed using conventional techniques. This website focuses on the agricultural products of modern biotechnology. At this time, the searchable database available on this site only covers genetically engineered crop plants intended for food or feed that have completed all recommended or required reviews for food, feed or planting use in the United States.
Nuffield Council on Bioethics. Genetically modified crops: the ethical and social issues
Pew Initiative on Food & Biotechnology
Royal Society (London). Genetically modified plants for food use and human health.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger, serving both developed and developing countries and acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy and is also a source of knowledge and information.
Economic Research Service (ERS)
The Economic Research Service (ERS), the main source of economic information and research from the U.S Department of Agriculture, informs and enhances public and private decision making on economic and policy issues related to agriculture, food, natural resources, and rural development.
ActionBioscience.org is a non-commercial, educational website created to promote bioscience literacy, the website provides articles by scientists, science educators, and science students on issues related to seven bioscience challenges: environment, biodiversity, genomics, biotechnology, evolution, new frontiers in science, and bioscience education.
AGCare provides science- and research-based information and policy initiatives on pesticide use, crop biotechnology developments, nutrient management and other related environmental issues surrounding field and horticultural crop production in Ontario.
Community of Science, Inc (COS) is an internet site for the global R&D community bringing together the world’s most prominent scientists and researchers at more than 1,600 universities, corporations and government agencies worldwide, COS provides tools and services that enable these professionals to communicate exchange information and find the people and technologies that are important to the work.
Asian Food Information Centre: The AFIC provides science based information on nutrition, health & food safety for the Asian Region.
IFIC - International Food and Information Council Foundation
The IFIC Foundation is the educational arm of IFIC. IFIC's mission is to communicate science-based information on food safety and nutrition to health and nutrition professionals, educators, journalists, government officials and others providing information to consumers. The website includes a link to a interactive website for kids focusing on food and fitness. Resource information on Biotechnology: http://ific.org/food/biotechnology.vtml
Convention on Biological Diversity
Convention on biodiversity, one of the key agreements adopted at Rio, sets out commitments for maintaining the world's ecological underpinnings as we go about the business of economic development. The Convention establishes three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources. It looks at the importance of biological diversity for the health of people and the planet and plays a role in the in protecting this biodiversity and ensuring that it is used for the benefit of all.
(ETC group, formerly RAFI - the Rural Advancement Foundation International)
ETC group is dedicated to the conservation and sustainable advancement of cultural and ecological diversity and human rights, supports socially responsible developments of technologies useful to the poor and marginalized and it addresses international governance issues and corporate power. ETC provides information and analysis of socio-economic and technological trends and alternatives and this work requires join actions in community, regional and global fora.
SEI-The Stockholm Environment Institute
The Stockholm Environment Institute, an independent, international research institute specializing in sustainable development and environment issues, works at local, national, regional and global policy levels with research programmes that aim to clarify the requirements, strategies and policies for a transition to sustainability.
The Royal Society
The Royal Society is the independent scientific academy of UK dedicated to promoting excellence in Science.
UNEP aims to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
Union of Concerned Scientists
Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) an independent non-profit alliance of more than 100,000 concerned citizens and scientists augments rigorous scientific analysis with innovative thinking to build a cleaner, healthier environment and a safer world.
Green Alliance promotes sustainable development by working with senior people in government, parliament, business and the environment movement to encourage new ideas, dialogue and constructive solutions.
GeneWatch UK works to secure public, academic, media, investor, regulatory, parliamentary, local, national and international governments’ support for a comprehensive programme to ensure genetic technologies are developed and used in an ethical and safe manner.
GreenPeace works on a number of international environmental issues such as Global Warming, Renewable Energy, Nuclear Power, Incineration, Toxics, Ancient Forests, GM, Oceans and many other such issues.
Friends of the Earth
Friends of the Earth inspire solutions to environmental problems, which make life better for people. The largest international network of environmental groups in the world with a unique network of campaigning local groups, working in more than 200 communities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, represented in 68 countries and largely funded by supporters, Friends of the Earth is one of the leading environmental pressure groups in the UK.
APAARI's mission is to promote the development of NARS in the Asia-Pacific region through inter-regional and inter-institutional cooperation so that it contributes to sustainable improvements in the productivity of agricultural systems and to the quality of the natural resource base that underpins agriculture.
National Agricultural Library with one of the world’s largest and most accessible agricultural research library, plays a vital role is supporting research education, and applied agriculture. It is a store house for agricultural information for researchers, educators, policy-makers, consumers of agriculture products and the public.
The Center for Global Food Issues (CGFI), a project of the Hudson Institute and based in Churchville, conducts research and analysis of agriculture and the environmental concerns surrounding food and fiber production. The Center’s success has been its global perspective, the only relevant viewpoint for the 21st century.
CAST - Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
Biotech section of CAST website.
AusBiotech, formerly the Australian Biotechnology Association, is the national body of companies and individuals dedicated to the development and prosperity of the Australian biotechnology industry.
BIO - Biotechnology Industry Organization
BIO hosts the largest biotechnology event in the world. The website provides information on biotech research, ethics, regulatory policies and maintains a calendar of upcoming events in the industry.
National Corn Growers Association
NCGA, a federation of state organizations, corn boards, councils and commissions developing and implementing programs and policies on a state and national level in the United States helps protect and advance the corn producers’ interests.
NCFAP – National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy
Five key reports on Ag Biotechnology released since 1999, with 3 new reports released in January of 2001, by L. P. Gianessi and Janet Carpenter.
AfricaBio promotes the safe, ethical and responsible research, development and application products to put to rest the growing debate surrounding biotechnology.
BIOTECanada a national organization dedicated to promoting a better understanding of biotechnology and they represents Canadian health care, agricultural, food, research and other organizations that are involved in biotechnology.
Biotechnology and Development Monitor, the journal provides critical views on biotech, agriculture, sustainable development and food security issues for developing countries.
Council for Biotech Info
With leading biotechnological companies & trade associations, its members, the Council for Biotechnology Information communicates science-based information about the benefits and safety of agricultural and food biotechnology.
AG West Bio
AG-West Bio works towards creating value in agriculture, food, health and bio-based industries through leadership in the application of science and technology from the benefit of Saskatchewan people.
Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology
The Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology established in 2001 is an independent and objective source of credible information on agricultural biotechnology for the public, media and policymakers. It advocates neither for, nor against, agricultural biotechnology. Instead, the Initiative is committed to providing information and encouraging debate and dialogue so that consumers and policymakers can make their own informed decisions.
EuropaBio, the European Association for Bioindustries representing nearly 33 member companies operating worldwide, 24 national biotechnology association and also the voice of 1200 small and medium-size enterprises involved in research, development, testing, manufacturing and commercialization of biotechnology applications.
Biotechnology Industry Organization
Bio, Biotechnology Industry Organization, united 503 biotech related companies under one umbrella with a goal to balance power within the organization between the handful of large multibillion-dollar firms that launched the first wave of biotechnology products and the hundreds of startup and mid-size firms that were at the research and development stage. BIO today performs many services for members, but none of them is more visible than the organization's annual convention and exhibition, the largest biotechnology event in the world.
A Harvest Biotech Foundation International
"A Harvest" makes use of the foremost and safest practices in biotechnology in order to produce substainable, disease-free crops which are of high nutritional value. Their aim is to make a constant and lasting impact on sustainable food security as well as environmental safety in Africa and the developing world.